Monday, August 9, 2010

The Evolution of the Pen: From Stone to Feather

The first type of paper is the first clay tablets engraved with the help of a straw, the forerunner of the pen, cut diagonally in such a way to leave a mark on the soft, wet clay surface of a second phase would then is dry so the usual engraved lines would be imprinted.

Income this interesting part of our past, the true history of writing begins with the invention of paper made from papyrus Egyptian thank skilled people. This introduction has generated a significant change which was dictated from the very nature of papyrus paper asked to leave legible ink marks, and lines. The Egyptian scribes learned to build red and black ink by mixing charcoal and oxidized iron in the water and glue. To write it with sticky, yet elementary ink, the writer will sink to the point of a reed by capillary action can absorb a small quantity of ink, enough to allow some characters to be written . This action is then repeated many times until the journalists completed its work: a task followed by the writing of history until the end of the 19th century.

The evolution of the pen is a direct result of the development of accessories of writing: from papyrus to parchment using, and finally on paper that we are familiar with today.

The first instrument in writing a similar point a pen nib, made from a papyrus stem, is made during the ancient Greek civilization. The pen with nib was constructed by first constructing a papyrus stalk and then cut it to one side in such a way that the point (the mouth of a flute's) results split in two from one of the opening so that pen I got a better result with respect to that of reed used by Egyptians, though it is correct requires much practice to use the instrument. With the introduction of parchment paper, the goose feather pen which surpassed the reed (straw) that gave it strength and flexibility. From the 16th century, this kind of writing instrument is commonly used also thanks to the introduction of paper. The wings were individualized as the most suitable for writing is the most external one on the right wing of the bird, which then turned naturally embrace the hand holding it. The process of making goose feather pen that was introduced by the Dutch consists of two phases: during the first part, fur is buried for a short time under a layer of fine and very warm sand to dry it is internal and external membrane, and then it was immersed in a boiling solution of alum or nitric acid to strengthen hair for future use.